|The Goddess Hera|
|The Golden Fleece|
|The Quest for the Golden Fleece|
|The Return to Iolkos|
|Disaster in Corinth|
|The Death of Jason|
|Jason's Family Tree|
Jason was the son of Alkimede and Aeson and the great-grandson of Minyas. Circa 2000 BCE Minyas founded a culture so distinct and prosperous that it was called the Minyan Culture ... the major centers of the Minyan Culture were Orchomenos in Boeotia and Iolkos in Thessaly.
The life of Jason was defined by two interconnected events: 1) the Quest for the Golden Fleece and 2) the love of the sorceress, Medeia. Jason's life was heroic and glorious but his death was pitiable.
In the Greek texts, our hero's name appears as Ieson but was changed to Jason by the Romans ... for the sake of convenience, modern literature has adopted the Roman spelling ... I have done likewise for the same reason.
If the kingship of Iolkos had evolved naturally, the throne would have gone from Minyas to Kretheus to Aeson to Jason. A problem arose when Kretheus's wife Tyro, Jason's grandmother, became the consort of the god Poseidon ... Pelias was the son of Tyro and Poseidon, and thus the half-brother of Jason's father, Aeson.
Pelias was arrogant and presumptuous ... as a son of Poseidon, he had no doubt about his superiority over Aeson ... when Kretheus died, Pelias took the throne. Even though Jason was only an infant at the time, Aeson had the foresight to realize that Pelias would eventually consider Jason a threat to his throne. For Jason's protection and education, Aeson put him in the care of the Centaur, Cheiron who lived on nearby Mount Pelion. Cheiron was renown for his ability to bring out the best in his students ... he had tutored Herakles and would later be the instructor of the hero, Achilles. Jason remained with Cheiron until he was old enough to return to Iolkos and confront his uncle Pelias.
Iolkos was located near the eastern coast of Greece on the eastern slopes of Mount Pelion on the Gulf of Pagasai.
In order to reach Iolkos, Jason had to cross the Anauros River, which runs from Mount Pelion to the Gulf of Pagasai. The goddess Hera, on one of her frequent excursions into the world of mortal humans, disguised herself as an old woman and waited for Jason on the banks of the Anauros. When she saw Jason coming, Hera pretended to be floundering in the surging river ... Jason was young and strong ... he jumped into the water and saved the "old woman" from what he thought was certain death ... his chivalry was genuine and his motives were noble ... he had passed Hera's test. While struggling in the river, Jason lost one of his sandals in the mire ... he gave this little thought at the time but the lost sandal would become crucial when he reached Iolkos.
King Pelias was the undisputed ruler of Iolkos when Jason arrived ... he and Queen Anaxibia had been blessed with a son and three daughters ... Akastos, Alkestis, Amphinome and Euadne.
Even though Pelias was a pious man in many ways, he was also arrogant in thinking he could thwart the will of the Immortals ... he had been given an oracle that stated a hateful doom awaited him ... the oracle foretold that he would be slain at the prompting of a man who would come to Iolkos wearing one sandal. Pelias ignored the oracle and planed to rule Iolkos until he died. Unbeknownst to Pelias, his desire to rule until his death and the oracle predicting his demise would both come true ... simultaneously.
Although Pelias was respectful of his father Poseidon and the other Immortals, he paid no honor to Pelasgian Hera. Despite the fact that Hera is Poseidon's sister and in many ways his equal, in other subtler ways she can be considerably more formidable. Hera received the surname "Pelasgian" because she was the protector of the ancient people of the Aegean Sea ... this appellation went back fifteen hundred years before Pelias's time ... for him to neglect her not only jeopardized his own wellbeing, it put all the people of Iolkos at risk of Hera's righteous retribution.
Pelias was leading a ceremony to honor Poseidon when Jason entered the city ... he recognized Jason immediately and knew that Aeson's son had returned to claim his birthright ... Pelias also noted that Jason was only wearing one sandal. He decided that the best way to dispose of Jason would be to send him on a seemingly hopeless quest. Pelias commanded Jason to retrieve the Golden Fleece from King Aietes in the far-off land of Kolchis. He promised to relinquish the throne of Iolkos to Jason when he returned with the Fleece. Pelias knew that King Aietes would never surrender the Golden Fleece willingly and if Jason survived the dangerous sea voyage to Kolchis, he would undoubtedly be killed when he arrived.
Jason accepted the challenge and began making preparations for the trip ... he needed a ship and a crew.
In order to sail to the eastern edge of the Pontos, Jason needed a ship ... the ship he needed had to be a subtle blend of the practical and the supernatural ... the Argo became the perfect vessel for the quest.
The Argo was the most famous ship to ever sail the ancient seas. The name Argo can be literally translated as Swift or as an eponymous name after the builder, Argos. The Argo was built circa 1285 BCE.
The Argo was assembled by Argos but the inspiration and guidance came from the goddess Athene. The Agro was constructed on the Gulf of Pagasai near Iolkos. Special wood was hewn for the ship on nearby Mount Pelion and for that reason it is often referred to as Pelian Argo. Athene provided the beam of the ship, which was set in the center of the stem ... it was made of Dodonian oak ... Dodona was the site of the oldest Oracle of Zeus in Greece. When the Argonauts were in danger of being destroyed by Zeus, Hera used the Dodonian stem to speak to the Argonauts Kastor and Polydeukes, and warn them of their peril.
After the Quest for the Golden Fleece was over, Jason took the noble craft to the Isthmus of Corinth and dedicated it to the lord of the sea, Poseidon.
While the Argo was being built, Jason let it be known that he needed a crew of the bravest men in Greece to accompany him on an adventure of a lifetime. The men who responded were indeed the best men in Greece ... they were kings, princes and demigods. The crewmen were called Argonauts, i.e. Argo Seamen. The Argonauts included sons of Zeus as well as sons of Poseidon [lord of the sea], sons of Boreas [North Wind] and sons of Helios [Sun].
The Argonauts [an alphabetical list]
A ram with a Golden Fleece was created by the god Hermes and Nephele ... Hermes is the messenger of the Immortals and Nephele is a 'cloud woman' created by Zeus.
Nephele was the wife of King Athamas of Orchomenos ... they had two children, Phrixus and Helle. Athamas abandoned Nephele and took a new wife named Ino ... Phrixus and Helle fled Orchomenos when Ino began plotting against them. To help Phrixus and Helle escape their dangerous situation, Hermes and Nephele crated a flying ram with a Golden Fleece to carry them away. As they flew from Europe to Asia, Helle fell from the back of the ram and drowned in the sea ... the narrow straits where she drowned was named Hellespont [Helle's Sea]. Phrixus flew on to Kolchis at the eastern edge of the Pontos [Black Sea].
When Phrixus arrived at Kolchis, King Aietes did not miss the significance of the flying ram and the good fortune it might bring to his kingdom. He welcomed Phrixus into his household ... he arranged for Phrixus to marry his daughter Chalkiope without payment of the customary dowry.
After the arduous flight from Iolkos to Kolchis, the ram asked to be sacrificially killed ... Phrixus complied ... he sacrificed the ram to Zeus, god of fugitives ... he then placed the ram's Golden Fleece in the Grove of Ares where it was thereafter guarded by an ever-vigilant dragon.
Phrixus and Chalkiope had four sons: Argos, Kytissoros, Melas and Phrontis. Before Phrixus died, he instructed his sons to go to Orchomenos and "take the possessions" of his despicable father, King Athamas.
Before Argos, Kytissoros, Melas and Phrontis could sail out of the Pontos they were washed ashore on the Island of Ares and rescued by Jason and the Argonauts. The fact that the sons of Phrixus were saved by the Argonauts was of course no accident ... one of the Immortals [probably Hera] was looking out for the young men. After their rescue, they became part of the crew of the Argo.
With the blessing of Apollon, Jason and the Argonauts launched the Argo amid celebrations and solemn rites. Apollon was an active protector of the Argonauts ... he gave Jason three tripods from the temple at Delphi to help guarantee a safe homecoming. A son of Apollon named Idmon was one of the Argonauts ... before the Argo sailed he made two important prophecies: 1) that Jason would be successful in retrieving the Golden Fleece and 2) he [Idmon] would die before the Quest was complete.
The first stop for the Argo was the island of Lemnos. The Argonauts were welcomed on the island because the women of Lemnos had staged a revolt and killed their husbands ... they were eager to have male companions again. The men of Lemnos had disgraced their wives so their murders were somewhat justified.
The Argonauts arrived a year after the women's revolt ... Queen Hypsipyle fell in love with Jason and offered him the throne of Lemnos ... he refused the throne but stayed on the island long enough for Hypsipyle to have twin sons by him. When it came time for the Argonauts to leave, Hypsipyle gave Jason a crimson robe made by the Graces for Dionysos, given to Hypsipyle's father King Thoas and then to Hypsipyle.
The land of Kolchis was on the eastern edge of the Pontos [Black Sea] ... the Argonauts sailed north through the Aegean Sea to the Hellespont and onwards to the Propontis [Sea of Marmara] and survived the attacks of several of the native inhabitants. They encountered the pitiful blind seer Phineus, who was being punished by Zeus and Helios [Sun] by having his food eaten and defiled by two flying women, the Harpies. The winged sons of Boreas, Kalais and Zetes, took pity on Phineus and chased away the Harpies, freeing Phineus from his curse. Phineus rewarded the Argonauts by giving them instructions as to how to get to Kolchis and then safely return to their homeland.
The Argonauts had to pass through the Clashing Rocks that guarded the narrow passage from the Propontis to the Pontos. Called "the twin Kyanean Rocks where the two seas meet," the gigantic rocks would clash together whenever any living thing tried to pass between them. Phineus told the Argonauts to send a dove through the Clashing Rocks before they attempted the passage with the Argo. He said that if the dove survived, it would be safe for them to proceed.
As the Argo approached the Clashing Rocks, a dove was released as Phineus suggested ... when the dove made it through with only the loss of its tail feathers, the Argo sailed boldly into the passage ... the goddess Athene held back one of the rocks with one hand and pushed the Argo through with the other. The Clashing Rocks then became stationary islands and never menaced sailors again.
At twilight one evening, the Argonauts came to the desert island Thynias ... as they mounted the shore, Apollon passed by as he traveled from Lykia to the northern land of the Hyperboreans ... they clearly saw his golden hair as well as his bow and quiver ... as he passed, the island quaked and the waves surged. The Argonaut Orpheus suggested that they call the island the sacred isle of Apollon of the Dawn ... an alter was built and Apollon provided suitable animals for the sacrifice and feast ... the Argonauts danced and sang in honor of Apollon, Lord of Dawn.
When the Argo reached the land of the Mysians, the Argonaut Hylas went in search of water and was abducted by a water Nymph as he knelt by her spring. Herakles and Polyphemos refused to leave the island without Hylas so the Argo sailed without them. The fate of the Argonauts began to change and they suffered their first casualties ... Idmon, the seer son of Apollon, was the first to die ... he died from wounds inflicted by a monstrous, white-tusked boar. Next, the helmsman Tiphys died of a fast-acting sickness. When they came to the Island of Ares, Oileus was wounded in the shoulder when he was struck by an arrow-like feather from one of the war birds that guarded the island. The Argonauts landed on the Island of Ares and were surprised to find four young men who had been stranded on the island after a storm had torn their ship to pieces.
The young men on the island were the four sons of Phrixus and Princess Chalkiope ... Phrixus had originally ridden the ram with the Golden Fleece to Kolchis and sacrificed it in the Grove of Ares ... Phrixus's sons had been on their way Orchomenos to seek retribution for their grandfather's ill treatment of their father. Jason persuaded them to join the Argonauts.
Upon his arrival at Kolchis, Jason was unsure as to how he should approach King Aietes but the goddesses Hera and Athene helped facilitate the meeting. First of all, the goddesses asked Aphrodite, goddess of love, to persuade Eros [the primal god of Love] to shoot Aietes's daughter, Princess Medeia, with an arrow of love, making her hopelessly attracted to Jason. With Medeia's compliance assured, Hera put a mist around Jason so that he could get to Aietes's palace without being noticed.
When Hera lifted the mist from Jason he seemed to just appear out of nowhere in front of Aietes's throne ... the king was surprised and rightly suspected that there was some sort of divine influence involved. Just as Aietes feared, Jason announced that he wanted the Golden Fleece. The king decided that it would not be wise to blatantly refuse Jason's request so he cunningly challenged Jason to demonstrate his strength and prove his worthiness.
King Aietes had some of the dragon's teeth that Kadmos had used to populate his newly founded city of Thebes ... Aietes also had two supernatural, bronze-footed bulls that snorted fire ... he wanted Jason to harness the bulls, plow a field and then plant the dragon's teeth ... from the teeth would grow a crop of Earth-Born warriors ... Jason would have to fight and kill the warriors in order to claim the Golden Fleece.
Princess Medeia was a priestess of Hekate and the niece of the Dread Goddess Kirke [Circe] ... she thereby acquired an intimate knowledge of drugs and spells. She met with Jason without her father's knowledge and gave him a potion that was made from the flowers that grew from the blood of the Rebel God Prometheus, who was chained to the nearby Caucasus Mountains. Following Medeia's instructions, Jason made a sacrifice to Hekate and bathed himself and his weapons in the magic potion.
At dawn the following day Jason went into the field to face the bronze-footed bulls and plant the dragon's teeth. In order to prepare the field, Jason had to harness the bulls with bronze yokes and then use a one-piece plow made of "unbending adamant" ... as soon as Jason entered the field, the fire-breathing bulls charged at him ... his potion-coated shield protected him from the flames ... he knocked the bulls to their knees and with the help of Kastor and Polydeukes, placed the yokes around the bull's necks and attached the plow. After making the farrows, Jason spread the dragon's teeth ... the Earth-Born warriors sprang from the ground and attacked Jason with fury. Using the same trick that Kadmos had used when he fought the Earth-Born warriors at Thebes, Jason tossed a stone in their midst and let them fight amongst themselves until their numbers were small enough so that he could kill the remainder. Aietes was furious.
Medeia, still in the thralls of love, led the Argonauts to the Grove of Ares where the Golden Fleece was kept. The Fleece was protected by an ever-vigilant dragon but Medeia cast a spell on the dragon with a hypnotic song and undiluted potions. As the dragon swooned, Jason took the Fleece ... he, Medeia and the Argonauts fled Kolchis with the king's troops at their heels.
Aietes insisted that he would have honored his promise to Jason and given him the Golden Fleece but now that Jason had stolen the Golden Fleece and his daughter, the king felt fully justified in sending his navy to forcefully bring them back.
In their escape, the Argonauts took the long and difficult route up the Ister River [the Danube] and across southern Europe, hoping to elude their pursuers. Aietes's son, Apsyrtos, led the Kolchian fleet. When the Argonauts were finally cornered and feared a direct confrontation with Apsyrtos and his overwhelming number of ships, Jason and Medeia devised a treacherous plan whereby they would meet with Apsyrtos and kill him. Medeia pretended to surrender herself to her step-brother while Jason waited in ambush. As Medeia was talking to Apsyrtos, Jason attacked and killed him. Without a leader, the Kolchian pursuers lost their momentum and the Argonauts escaped. Fearful of what King Aietes would do when they returned without Medeia or Apsyrtos, the sailors chose to stay in Europe and never return to Kolchis.
Zeus was furious about the murder of Apsyrtos and intended to punish Jason for such cowardly behavior. In an effort to protect Jason and the Argonauts, Hera used the keel of the Argo, which had been crafted by Athene, to warn them ... she urged them to go to the goddess Kirke and beg her for atonement.
When they arrived on Kirke's island, the goddess recognized her niece because of her eyes ... both women were descended from Helios and had the luminance of the Sun in their eyes. Kirke performed purification rituals but said that she could not shield Jason and Medeia from the wrath of Zeus ... the murder of Apsyrtos was a very serious crime and beyond the powers of Kirke to absolve.
With Kirke unable to protect Jason and Medeia, Hera had to call upon other Immortals for help. She sent for Thetis ... Hera implored Thetis to gather her sisters, the Nereids, to swim beside the Argo when it sailed between the forbidding Planktae, also known as the Wandering Rocks or the Rovers ... she asked her son Hephaistos to quite his forge ... she asked Aeolus [lord of the winds] to give the Argo a favorable breeze. One by one—the Planktae, the six-headed Skylla, the whirlpool Charybdis, the clear-voiced Sirens—all obstacles were successfully negotiated by the Argonauts.
When the Argo reached Scheria, the island of Phaiakians, Jason and Medeia thought they had escaped King Aietes's pursuers ... they had not. Kolchian ships arrived and demanded that Medeia be surrendered to them. King Alkinoos and Queen Arete of the Phaiakians wanted to give sanctuary to the fugitives but moral law dictated that an unmarried woman had to obey her father. Queen Arete provided an equitable solution ... Jason married Medeia. The Kolchians were forced to withdraw ... King Aietes no longer had authority over his daughter.
After leaving Scheria, the Argo was caught in a tempest and blown to the shores of Libya, i.e. the northern coast of Africa. The storm pushed the Argo deep into a temporary inlet and then withdrew the water, leaving the ship and crew stranded in the desert. With great difficulty, the Argonauts began to carry the Argo across the desert in a failed attempt to find the sea ... two Argonauts died, Mopsos and Kanthos. During a moment that might have been a divine hallucination, they saw the goddesses known as the Hesperides ... they told the Argonauts of their encounter with Herakles and how he took the Golden Apples they once guarded. When they reached Lake Trito, the god Triton arose from the waters to greet them ... Jason presented Triton with one of the tripods Apollon had given him at the beginning of the Quest ... Triton gave the Argonaut Euphemos a clod of dirt that he would later throw into the sea and create the island of Kalliste. Triton then escorted the Argonauts to Mediterranean Sea.
When they approached the island of Crete, the Argonauts were unable to make a safe landing because the gigantic bronze man, Talos, guarded the shore. Medeia used her magical powers to save the Argo from certain destruction. She invoked Death-Spirits to befuddle Talos and in a fit of confusion, the bronze giant stumbled on the rocky shore and tore the thin membrane at his heel allowing the fluid of life to drain from his otherwise impervious body.
After leaving Crete, the Argo sailed into a very dense fog ... not an ordinary fog that sailors normally encounter but one of supernatural density. When they felt that all was lost, Apollon emitted a light that penetrated the fog and guided the ship to an otherwise unseen island ... the Argonauts named the island Anaphe.
From Anaphe the remaining Argonauts sailed safely to their homes in Thessaly thus ending the Quest for the Golden Fleece and the voyage of the Argo according to Apollonius Rhodius. The continuation of the story was told by poets such as Euripides, historians such as Diodorus Siculus and in various pieces of artwork dating back to the fifth century BCE.
Jason returns the Golden Fleece to King Pelias
Before the Argo reached Iolkos, a rumor was circulated saying that Jason and the Argonauts had perished at sea. Aeson truly believed that his son was dead and King Pelias used that false belief to exploit Aeson's venerability ... he forced the desperate man to drink a fatal quantity of ox blood ... to complete the elimination of Aeson's relatives, Pelias murdered Jason's younger brother Promachos.
When Jason, Medeia and the Argonauts reached Iolkos they camped outside the city ... Jason knew that Pelias was responsible for his father's death and wanted revenge. Taking the city by force seemed unrealistic ... he had too few men to immediately storm the city and it would take too long to assemble a suitably sized army. Medeia said that she could get them inside the city without a fight if they would let her enter the city alone ... after all, she had helped them steal the Golden Fleece and kill the bronze giant Talos ... she was very resourceful and there was every reason for the Argonauts to trust her.
Medeia said that she had drugs "of marvelous potency" that she had never used on humans before ... the drugs were given to her by the Roaring Goddess Hekate and the Dread Goddess Kirke. Medeia said that she would use her drugs on Pelias and his daughters, and then give the Argonauts a signal when it was safe for them to enter the city ... smoke by day and fire by night.
Medeia ingested a special potion that she concocted to make her unrecognizable ... her hair turned gray and her skin took on the appearance of extreme age. She entered the city carrying a hollow statue of Artemis ... the hollowed out statue was used to hide the drugs she intended to use on Pelias and his daughters. She made a stupendous entrance ... the people were dazzled and more than a little frightened. Medeia declared that she was sent by Artemis and no one doubted her.
She continued her "inspired" performance for Pelias and his daughters ... they were terrified ... she convinced them that the goddess was actually there in person to bring prosperity to the house of the king. She told them that Artemis had been flying over the earth in a chariot drawn by dragons seeking the most pious king in all the world so that she could establish a place of worship. The goddess had commanded that Pelias be given that honor and furthermore, Medeia told Pelias that the goddess would restore his youthful vigor.
Pelias was amazed but seemed to be hesitant ... Medeia asked for some pure water and retired to a hidden chamber ... as she washed herself, the effects of the aging potion were rinsed away ... she emerged from the chamber as the youthful princess she really was. To further prove that Artemis was the source of her powers, Medeia caused the illusion of dragons to appear in the sky. Pelias was thoroughly convinced that what he was seeing was real and that the goddess Artemis was indeed present in his kingdom and speaking through this strange woman. In a private conversation with Pelias, Medeia told him to instruct his daughters to do whatever she commanded. She told him that the deeds that needed to be done would have to be performed by his daughters and not by his servants ... he did as she instructed and the girls willingly agreed.
After Pelias had fallen asleep, Medeia went to Alkestis, Amphinome and Euadne ... she informed the maidens that in order to restore their father's youth, it would be necessary to dismember him. The girls became hostile at the suggestion that they harm their father. Medeia again used her drugs to achieve the necessary delusion ... she hacked up an aged ram, appeared to place the pieces in a caldron and, by slight of hand, pulled a lamb from the pot. The younger daughters were convinced but Alkestis refused to participate in the mutilation of her father.
Medeia took no part in the dismemberment of Pelias ... his daughters, Amphinome and Euadne, willingly performed the gruesome task ... they hacked up their father's body and placed the pieces in a caldron. When the ghastly chore was finished, Medeia told the girls that she needed to be alone so she could pray to the moon ... she sent them to the highest roof of the palace with lamps ... the girls unknowingly gave the Argonauts the signal to attack the city.
Jason was magnanimous when he entered the city. He convinced the daughters of Pelias that they did not deserve to die for their abominable actions ... he convinced them that they were not to blame for their father's death. At an assembly of the people of Iolkos, Jason justified the murder of Pelias as a fitting punishment for the wrongs he had committed against his [Jason's] family. He willingly gave over the kingdom to Pelias's son Akastos and arranged suitable marriages for Pelias's daughters.
It is not stated implicitly but we are led to believe that Jason and Medeia were forced to leave Iolkos because the people feared Medeia's sorcery. After stopping at the Isthmus of Corinth to dedicate the Argo to Poseidon, Jason and Medeia accepted the hospitality of King Kreon of Corinth.
Jason and Medeia seemed to be making a permanent home at Corinth ... after ten years they were on good relations with King Kreon and had three sons: Thessalus, Alkimenes and Tisandrus ... Thessalus and Alkimenes were twins ... Tisandrus was much younger than his brothers.
Jason became infatuated with King Kreon's daughter Glauke and decided to marry her. There are various reasons given for Jason's dismissal of Medeia but they all seem a bit contrived. The historian Diodorus Siculus blamed Medeia for Jason's infidelity because she was getting old and no longer attractive ... the playwright Euripides believed that Medeia was to blame because she didn't understand that Jason was only trying to secure a better future for his sons by marrying the king's daughter. Placing the blame on Medeia seems unjust ... she appears to have been a loyal wife and good mother but Jason, for whatever reason, decided to discard her and marry Glauke.
Regardless of why Jason wanted to divorce Medeia, his decision had disastrous results. Medeia was a sorceress of the highest order ... she clearly had the ability to achieve monstrous deeds and had saved Jason and the Argonauts on several occasions with spells and potions that would make anyone fearful. Jason however must have thought he was immune from any sort of retaliation from his wife. He was very wrong ... Medeia's fury was fast and potent ... she began by killing Glauke.
Medeia used her magical skills to devise an acid-like poison ... she saturated a cape with the poison and, according to some versions of the story, used one of her sons to deliver it to Glauke as a wedding gift. When Glauke put the cape on, she was literally set afire ... when her father tried to save her, he too was burned. Glauke ran from the palace and threw herself into a well and died.
The murder of Glauke was just the first step on the road to Medeia's madness. Her next outrage was the murder of two of her children ... Thessalus somehow survived. Nothing can be said to justify or understand such an outrageous act.
With everyone in Corinth out for her blood, Medeia conjured a chariot pulled by dragons and fled ... in this instance, the dragons were not a delusion caused by spells and potions ... she fled Corinth on a chariot pulled by dragons. She was welcomed in Athens and, using her charms and enchantments, seduced and married King Aigeus ... they had one son, Medus. Apparently there was a conflict between Medeia and Theseus, King Aigeus's son by his consort Aithre ... Medeia and Medus relocated to Asia Minor where he subsequently founded the nation of the Medes.
Medeia killing one of her sons.
After the death of Princess Glauke and Jason's children, the Corinthians sent an envoy to Delphi to ask Apollon what should be done with the bodies of the children ... the god replied that the boys should be buried in the sanctuary of Hera and honored as heroes.
According to some historians, the Corinthians blamed Jason for the entire tragedy. It's assumed that because of his personal grief and the disgrace of being publicly ostracized, Jason became despondent and killed himself. A more poetic version of the story was told by Euripides ... he suggested that Jason's death was accidental ... the Argo had not been used for over ten years and was rotting at the Isthmus of Corinth where it had been left after the Quest for the Golden Fleece ... Jason was sleeping under the decks of the Argo and was crushed by falling rotten timbers.
Perhaps twenty years after Jason and Medeia left Iolkos, their son Thessalus returned to become king. Jason had left the kingship of Iolkos to Akastos, a former Argonaut and Pelias's son. Thessalus returned to Iolkos just after Akastos died ... being of the proper bloodline, Thessalus became the new king ... his name was adapted to all people of that region ... they became Thessalians.