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Thebais (Thebiad)

Epic Cycle

fragment 1

Contest of Homer and Hesiod

Homer travelled about reciting his epics, first the Thebaid, in seven thousand verses, which begins: "Sing, goddess, of parched Argos, whence lords ..."

fragment 2

Athenaeus, xi. 465 E

"Then the heaven-born hero, golden-haired Polyneikes, first set beside Oedipus a rich table of silver which once belonged to Kadmos the divinely wise; next he filled a fine golden cup with sweet wine. But when Oedipus perceived these treasures of his father, great misery fell on his heart, and he immediately called down bitter curses there in the presence of both his sons. And the avenging Fury of the gods failed not to hear him as he prayed that they might never divide their father's goods in loving brotherhood, but that war and fighting might be ever the portion of them both."

fragment 3

Schol. Laur. on Sophocles, O.C. 1375

"And when Oedipus noticed the haunch [an inferior portion] he threw it on the ground and said: 'Oh! Oh! my sons have sent this mocking me ...' So he prayed to Zeus the king and the other deathless gods that each might fall by his brother's hand and go down into the house of Hades."

fragment 4

Paus., viii. 25.8

Adrastus fled from Thebes "wearing miserable garments, and took black-maned Arion with him."

fragment 5

Pindar, Ol. vi. 15

"But when the seven dead had received their last rites in Thebes, the Son of Taläus lamented and spoke thus among them: "Woe is me, for I miss the bright eye of my host, a good seer and a stout spearman alike.'"

fragment 6

Apollodorus, i. 74

Oineus married Periboia the daughter of Hipponoos. The author of the Thebais says that when Olneos had been stormed, Oineus received her as a prize.

fragment 7

Pausanias, ix. 18.6

Near the spring is the tomb of Asphodikos. This Asphodikos killed Parthenopaeus the son of Talaus in the battle against the Argives, as the Thebans say; though that part of the Thebais which tells of the death of Parthenopaeus says that it was Periklymenos who killed him.

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