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The Great Eoiae

Hesiod

fragment 1

Pausanias, ii. 26.3

Epidaurus. According to the opinion of the Argives and the epic poem, the Great Eoiae, Argos the son of Zeus was father of Epidaurus.

fragment 2

Anonymous Comment. on Aristotle, Nicomachean Ethics, iii. 7

And, they say, Hesiod is sufficient to prove that the word πονηρóς [bad - oppressed by toils] has the same sense as "laborious" or "ill-fated"; for in the Great Eoiae he represents Alkmene as saying to Herakles:

"My son, truly Zeus your father begot you to be the most toilful as the most excellent ..."; and again:

"The Fates [Moirai] made you the most toilful and the most excellent ..."

fragment 3

Scholiast on Pindar, Isthm. v. 53

The story has been taken from the Great Eoiae; for there we find Herakles entertained by Telamon, standing dressed in his lion-skin and praying, and there also we find the eagle [aietos] sent by Zeus, from which Aias took his name.

fragment 4

Pausanias, iv. 2.1

But I know that the so-called Great Eoiae say that Polykaon the son of Butes married Euaechme, daughter of Hyllos, Herakles's son.

fragment 5

Pausanias, ix. 40.6

"And Phylas wedded Leipephile the daughter of famous Iolaos; and she was like the Olympians in beauty. She bare him a son Hippotades in the palace, and comely Thero who was like the beams of the moon. And Thero lay in the embrace of Apollon and bare horse-taming Chaeron of hardy strength."

fragment 6

Schol. on Pindar, Pyth. iv. 35

"Or like her in Hyria, careful-minded Mekionike, who was joined in the love of golden Aphrodite with the Earth-Holder and Earth-Shaker [Poseidon], and bare Euphemos."

fragment 7

Pausanias, ix. 36.7

"And Hyettus killed Molurus the dear son of Aristas in his house because he lay with his wife. Then he left his home and fled from horse-rearing Argos and came to Minyan Orchomenos. And the hero received him and gave him a portion of his goods, as was fitting."

fragment 8

Pausanias, ii. 2.3

But in the Great Eoiae Peirene is represented to be the daughter of Oebalius.

fragment 9

Pausanias, ii. 16.4

The epic poem, which the Greek call the Great Eoiae, says that she [Mykenai] was the daughter of Inachus and wife of Arestor; from her, then, it is said, the city received its name.

fragment 10

Pausanias, vi. 21.10 sq.

According to the poem the Great Eoiae, these were killed by Oinomaos; Alkathous the son of Porthaon next after Marmax, and after Alkathous, Euryalus, Eurymachos and Krotalos. The man killed next after them, Aerias, we should judge to have been a Lakedaemonian and founder of Aeria. And after Akrias, they say, Kapetos was done to death by Oinomaos, and Lykurgos, Lasius, Chalkodon and Trikolonos ... And after Trikolonos fate overtook Aristomachos and Prias on the course, as also Pelagon and Aeolius and Kronios.

fragment 11

Scholiast on Apollonius Rhodius, Arg. iv. 57

In the Great Eoiae it is said that Endymion was transported by Zeus into heaven, but when he fell in love with Hera, was befooled with a shape of cloud, and was cast out and went down into Hades.

fragment 12

Scholiast on Apollonius Rhodius, Arg. i. 118

In the Great Eoiae it is related that Melampous, who was very dear to Apollon, went abroad and stayed with Polyphantes. But when the king had sacrificed an ox, a serpent crept up to the sacrifice and destroyed his servants. At this the king was angry and killed the serpent, but Melampous took and buried it. And its offspring, brought up by him, used to lick his ears and inspire him with prophecy. And so, when he was caught while trying to steal the cows of Iphiklos and taken bound to the city of Aegina, and when the house, in which Iphiklos was, was about to fall, he told an old woman, one of the servants of Iphiklos, and in return was released.

fragment 13

Scholiast on Apollonius Rhodius, Arg. iv. 828

In the Great Eoiae Skylla is the daughter of Phoibos and Hekate.

fragment 14

Scholiast on Apollonius Rhodius, Arg. ii. 181

Hesiod in the Great Eoiae says that Phineus was blinded because he told Phrixus the way [to Kolchis].

fragment 15

Scholiast on Apollonius Rhodius, Arg. ii. 1122

Argos. This is one of the children of Phrixus. These ... Hesiod in the Great Eoiae says were born of Iophossa the daughter of Aietes. And he says there were four of them, Argos, Phrontis, Melas, and Kytissoros.

fragment 16

Antoninus Liberalis, xxiii

Battus. Hesiod tells the story in the Great Eoiae ... Magnes was the son of Argos, the son of Phrixus and Perimele, Admetos's daughter, and lived in the region of Thessaly, in the land which men called after him Magnesia. He had a son of remarkable beauty, Hymenaeus. And when Apollon saw the boy, he was seized with love for him, and would not leave the house of Magnes. Then Hermes made designs on Apollon's herd of cattle which were grazing in the same place as the cattle of Admetos. First he cast upon the dogs that were guarding them a stupor and strangles, so that the dogs forgot the cows and lost the power of barking. Then he drove away twelve heifers and a hundred cows never yoked, and the bull who mounted the cows, fastening to the tail of each one brushwood to wipe out the footmarks of the cows.

He drove them through the country of the Pelasgi, and Achaea in the land of Phthia, and through Lokris, and Boeotia and Megaris, and thence into Peloponnesus by way of Corinth and Larissa, until he brought them to Tegea. From there he went on by the Lykaean mountains, and past Maenalus and what are called the watch-posts of Battus. Now this Battus used to live on the top of the rock and when he heard the voice of the heifers as they were being driven past, he came out from his own place, and knew that the cattle were stolen. So he asked for a reward to tell no one about them. Hermes promised to give it him on these terms, and Battus swore to say nothing to anyone about the cattle. But when Hermes had hidden them in the cliff by Koryphasiom, and had driven them into a cave facing towards Italy and Sicily, he changed himself and came again to Battus and tried whether he would be true to him as he had vowed. So, offering him a robe as a reward, he asked of him whether he had noticed stolen cattle being driven past. And Battus took the robe and told him about the cattle. But Hermes was angry because he was double-tongued, and struck him with his staff and changed him into a rock. And either frost or heat never leaves him.

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