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The Melampodia

Hesiod

fragment 1

Strabo, xiv. p. 642

It is said that Kalchas the seer returned from Troy with Amphilochus the son of Amphiaraus and came on foot to this place [Kolophon]. But happening to find near Klaros a seer greater than himself, Mopsos, the son of Manto, Teiresias's daughter, he died of vexation. Hesiod, indeed, works up the story in some form as this; Kalchas set Mopsos the following problem:

"I am filled with wonder at the quantity of figs this wild fig tree bears though it is so small. Can you tell their number?"

And Mopsos answered: "Ten thousand is their number, and their measure is a bushel; one fig is left over, which you would not be able to put into the measure."

So said he; and they found the reckoning of the measure true. Then did the end of death shroud Kalchas.

fragment 2

Tzetzes on Lycophron, 682

But now he is speaking of Teiresias, since it is said that he lived seven generations—though others say nine. He lived from the times of Kadmos down to those of Eteokles and Polyneikes, as the author of Melampodia also says; for he introduces Teiresias speaking thus:

"Father Zeus, would that you had given me a shorter span of life to be mine and wisdom of heart like that of mortal men! But now you have honored me not even a little, though you ordained me to have a long span of life, and to live through seven generations of mortal kind."

fragment 3

Scholiast on Homer, Odyssey, x. 494

They say that Teiresias saw two snakes mating on Kithaeron and that, when he killed the female, he was changed into a woman, and again, when he killed the male, took again his own nature. This same Teiresias was chosen by Zeus and Hera to decide the question whether the male or the female has most pleasure in intercourse. And he said:

"Of ten parts a man enjoys only one; but a woman's sense enjoys all ten in full."

For this Hera was angry and blinded him, but Zeus gave him the seer's power.

fragment 4

Clement of Alexandria, Stromateis, vi. 2 26

"For pleasant it is at the feast and rich banquet to tell delightful tales, when men have had enough of feasting; and pleasant also it is to know a clear token of ill or good amid all the signs that the deathless ones have given to mortal men."

fragment 5

Athenaeus, xi. 498. A

"And Mares, swift messenger, came to him through the house and brought a silver goblet which he had filled, and gave it to the lord."

fragment 6

Ib. B

'And then Mantes took in his hands the ox's halter and Iphiclus lashed him upon the back. And behind him, with a cup in one hand and a raised scepter in the other, walked Phylakos and spoke amongst the bondmen.'

fragment 7

Athenaeus, xiii. p. 609 e

Hesiod in the third book of the Melampodia called Kalchas in Euboea "the land of fair women."

fragment 8

Strabo, xiv. p. 676

But Hesiod says that Amphilochus was killed by Apollon at Soli.

fragment 9

Clement of Alexandria, Stromateis, v. p. 259

"And now there is no seer among mortal men such as would know the mind of Zeus who holds the aegis."

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